The Best Foods to Eat If You Have Gestational Diabetes

Written by Abby Hill
3 mins, 27 secs Read
Updated On August 24, 2023

Gestational diabetes is a condition that affects pregnant women and can have serious health implications. It occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the increased demands of pregnancy. Eating the right foods and monitoring your blood sugar levels can help you manage gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

You are not alone if you have a lot of questions if you have gestational diabetes or are concerned that it may be an issue in your pregnancy. It’s a blessing that gestational diabetes can frequently be controlled with diet and exercise alone; it doesn’t preclude a healthy pregnancy.

Let’s discuss the range of diabetes, how it’s handled, and what you can do to combat it with the appropriate diet and exercise.

Which Meals are Best to Consume?

Simple, Nutritious Food

  • Consume protein with each meal.
  • Include fruits and vegetables in your diet daily.
  • Limit or stay away from processed foods.
  • Be mindful of portion amounts to prevent overeating.

Maintaining a healthy, balanced diet while having gestational diabetes may help you control your symptoms without taking medication.

Your diet should generally contain protein and the proper ratio of carbohydrates and fats. A diet high in carbohydrates might cause blood sugar rises.

Make sure to eat complex, healthy carbohydrates if you desire them, such as those found in legumes, whole grains, and starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes and butternut squash.

Ask your doctor about working with a registered dietitian who specializes in gestational diabetes or pregnancy nutrition if you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes or are at risk for developing it.

A diet that includes items you enjoy and will keep you and your unborn child healthy. A dietician can assist you in creating a meal plan and eating strategy that will keep you and your unborn child healthy while using foods you enjoy.

Meals and Snacks

 Some of the essential snacks to take if you have gestational diabetes:

  • Veggies can be frozen or fresh. Veggies can be eaten grilled, cooked, or raw. Pair raw vegetables with a protein source, such as hummus or cheese, for a snack.
  • Omelets are made with entire eggs or egg whites and vegetables. While egg whites essentially contain protein, whole eggs are a great source of several nutrients.
  • Oatmeal with berries, unsweetened coconut, and pumpkin seeds on top.
  • A serving of fruit combined with some nuts or nut butter.
  • Chicken or turkey breasts. Don’t be hesitant to consume the skin!
  • Fish baked in the oven, particularly oily fish like salmon and trout.
  • Cherry tomatoes and mashed avocado on top of sweet potato toast.
  • Greek yogurt without added sugar garnished with apple dice, cinnamon, and sunflower seeds.

Fruit, What About It?

Yes, even if you have gestational diabetes, you can still consume fruit. Just remember to finish it in moderation. Consult a certified dietitian if you have concerns or need assistance keeping track of the carbohydrates in the fruits you intend to eat. (Again, you have specific requirements for and tolerance to carbs.)

Berries are a great option because they are substantial in fiber and relatively low in sugar, so prepare to stock up and add them to smoothies, yogurt, or whole-grain porridge. Consider chilling them to add more crunch.

What Foods are to be Avoided?

While avoiding some of your favorite foods is not enjoyable, many delicious substitutes exist. Avoid the following food because of high sugar:

  • sweet food
  • Alcoholic drinks
  • cakes, muffins, and other baked foods
  • fried foods
  • candy
  • particularly starchy meals, such as white pasta and rice

Ask your doctor about the everyday things you eat if you need clarification. Then, they can advise you on what to avoid and provide choices that will satisfy you.

You can include the following items as healthy sources of carbohydrates in your diet if you have gestational diabetes:

  1. Whole grains: They have a low glycemic index and are abundant in fibre. They promote regular bowel motions and, over time, lower your risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.
  2. Legumes and leafy vegetables – Vegetables like beans, peas, lentils, corn, spinach, lettuce, etc., can be included in your diet plan for gestational diabetes because they have been shown to control blood sugar levels while giving you and your unborn child the nutrition you need for healthy development.
  3. Brown rice is a fantastic alternative to white rice since it retains more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants than white rice while having a slightly lower glycemic index. Include moderate portions of brown rice in your diet for lunch or dinner.
  4. Fruits with little sugar – The recommended vitamin C intake can be increased by eating fruits like lemons, oranges, guavas, and green apples. This can satisfy your sweet appetite healthily.


Controlling gestational diabetes with a gestational diabetes diet doesn’t have to be difficult because an excellent gestational diabetic diet plan includes enough lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, healthy fats, fruits, and vegetables. But avoiding refined sugars, simple carbs, and saturated fats is essential.

You should also up your everyday workout to help your body balance blood sugar levels. If your diet is more balanced during this joyful time, you can feel vibrant and full of energy and have smooth, stable moods while controlling gestational diabetes.

Author: Abby Hill